Alzheimer’s Society Junior Research Fellow, University of Sheffield
My research is focused on understanding the role of astrocytes in neurodegeneration, particularly their contribution to Alzheimer’s disease development and progression. In particular I am investigating how alterations in specific astrocytic signalling pathways compromises their function and their ability to support neurons.
- Consequences of impaired insulin signalling in Alzheimer’s disease.
- Development of a 3D neural co-culture system.
Dr Garwood’s research is funded by the Alzheimer’s Society and the University of Sheffield.
Prof. John Haycock, Department of Bioengineering, University of Sheffield.
- Laura Ratcliffe (2nd Year PhD Student)
- Research Technician (to be appointed)
- Julie E Simpson, Paul G Ince, Thais Minett, Fiona E Matthews, Paul R Heath, Pamela J Shaw, Emily Goodall, Claire J Garwood, Laura E Ratcliffe, Carol Brayne, Magnus Rattray, Stephen B Wharton (2015) Neuronal DNA damage response-associated dysregulation of signalling pathways and cholesterol metabolism at the earliest stages of Alzheimer-type pathology. Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol. In press
- Ryan Mathur, Paul G Ince, Thais Minett, Claire J Garwood, Pamela J Shaw, Fiona E Matthews, Carol Brayne, Julie E Simpson*, Stephen B Wharton* (2015) A reduced astrocyte response to β-amyloid plaques in the ageing brain associates with cognitive impairment. PLOS one 10(2):e0118463
- SimpsonJ.E., InceP.G., MatthewsF., ShawP.J., Heath P.R., Brayne C., Rattray M.,Garwood C.J., Abdalla H.H., Higginbottom A.,Wharton S.B. (2015) A neuronal DNA damage response is detected at the earliest stages of Alzheimer’s neuropathology and correlates with cognitive impairment in the MRC-CFAS ageing brain cohort. Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol. 41(4):483-96
- Phillips E.C., Croft C.L., Kurbatskaya K., O’Neill M.J., Hanger D.P., Hutton M.L., Garwood C.J*., Noble W*. (2014) Astrocytes and neuroinflammation in Alzheimer’s disease. Biochem Soc Trans. 42(5):1321-5 *joint senior author
- Garwood C.J., SimpsonJ.E., AxeC, Wilson S., Heath P.R., ShawP.J., Matthews F., Brayne C.,Ince P.G., Wharton S.B. (2014) Population Variation in Endothelial Cell Injury in Human Brain Ageing: Relationship to Astrocytic and Neuronal Injury and to Alzheimer’s Neuropathology. Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol. 40(7): 802-814.
- Atherton J, Garwood C.J., Bondulich M, Phillipson K, Hanger DP, Noble W. (2013) Calpain-mediated cleavage of the sodium calcium exchanger 3 is increased in AD brain. Aging Cell. 13(1):49-59
- Garwood C, Faizullabhoy A, Wharton SB, Ince PG, Heath P, Shaw PJ, Baxter L, Gelsthorpe C, Forster G, Matthews FE, Brayne C, Simpson JE. (2013) Calcium dysregulation in relation to Alzheimer-type pathology in the ageing brain. Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol. 39(7):788-99
- Viggars A.P., Wharton S.B., Simpson J.E., Matthews F.E., Brayne C., Savva G.M., Garwood C.J., Shaw P.J., Ince P.G. (2011) Alterations in the blood brain barrier in ageing cerebral cortex in relationship to Alzheimer-type pathology: a study in the MRC-CFAS population neuropathology cohort. Neurosci Lett, 7;505(1):25-30.
- Simpson J.E., Ince P.G., Shaw P.J., Heath P.R., Raman R., Garwood C.J., Gelsthorpe C., Baxter L., Forster G., Matthews F.E., Brayne C., Wharton S.B. (2011) Microarray analysis of the astrocyte transcriptome in the aging brain: relationship to Alzheimer's pathology and APOE genotype. Neurobiol Aging 32(10):1795-1807.
- Garwood C.J., Hanger D.P., Noble W. (2011) Astrocytes are important mediators of Aβ-induced neurotoxicity and tau phosphorylation in primary culture. Cell Death Dis 2.e167.
- Garwood C.J., Cooper J.D., Hanger D.P., Noble W. (2010) Anti-inflammatory impact of minocycline in a mouse model of tauopathy. Front. Psychiatry 1:136.
- Noble W., Garwood C.J., Hanger D.P. (2009) Minocycline as a potential therapeutic agent in neurodegenerative disorders characterised by protein misfolding. Prion 3(2): 78-83.
- Noble W., Garwood C.J., Stephenson J., Kinsey A., Hanger D.P., Anderton B.H. (2009) Minocycline reduces the development of abnormal tau species in models of Alzheimer’s disease. FASEB J. 23(3): 739-750.
- Reynolds C.H., Garwood C.J., Wray S., Price C., Kellie S., Perera T., Zvelebil M., Yang A., Sheppard P.W., Varndell I.M., Hanger D.P., Anderton B.H. (2008) Phosphorylation regulates tau interactions with Src homology 3 domains of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, phospholipase Cgamma1, Grb2, and Src family kinases. J Biol Chem. 283(26): 18177-86.
- Willis C.L., Garwood C.J., Ray D.E. (2007) A size selective vascular barrier in the rat area postrema formed by perivascular macrophages and the extracellular matrix. Neuroscience. 150(2): 498-509.
- Kelleher I, Garwood C.J., Hanger DP, Anderton BH, Noble W. (2007) Kinase activities increase during the development of tauopathy in htau mice. J Neurochem. 103(6): 2256-67.
2015-present: Alzheimer Society Junior Research Fellow
2011-2015: Post-doctoral Research Associate
2007-2010: PhD (Neuroscience), Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London.
2009-2010: Research Assistant, MRC Centre for Neurodegeneration Research, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London.
I obtained my PhD in Neuroscience from Kings College London in 2010 where I determined that astrocytes mediate many of the toxic effects of beta-amyloid, one of the pathological proteins implicated in Alzheimer’s disease pathogenesis, and that minocycline was able to reduce the inflammatory response of astrocytes in Alzheimer’s disease models (Garwood et al., Cell Death Dis 2.e167; Garwood et al., Front. Psychiatry 1:136; Noble et al., FASEB J. 23(3): 739-750.)
After completing my PhD I moved to the Sheffield Institute for Translational Neuroscience to continue investigating the role of astrocytes in Alzheimer’s disease pathogenesis as a post-doctoral research associate with Prof. Stephen Wharton.
I have recently been awarded an Alzheimer’s Society Junior Research Fellowship based within the Sheffield Institute for Translational Neuroscience (SITraN) to continue working on the role astrocytes in Alzheimer’s disease and to develop a 3D astrocyte-neuron co-culture system in collaboration with Prof. John Haycock in the Department of Bioengineering.
Faculty of Medicine Early Career Researcher Award 2015: Outstanding contributions to excellence in enhancing the research environment within the faculty
I teach on the MSc courses in Translational Neuroscience, Translational Pathology and Molecular Medicine focussing on molecular neuroscience including experimental design to study protein expression and critical review of the literature teaching. I also supervise MSc and BMedSci students during their research projects.
Department of Neuroscience
Sheffield Institute for Translational Neuroscience
University of Sheffield
385a Glossop Road
T: +44 (0)114 22 22272
F: +44 (0)114 22 22290